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Home The River Basin People and the River Governance Resource Management
The Limpopo River Basin
 Introduction
Geography
Climate and Weather
Hydrology
Water Quality
 Principles of Water Quality
 Human Impacts to Water Quality
 Groundwater
 Agricultural Impacts
 Industry and Mining
Impact from Mines
 Waterberg Coalfield
 Salinity
 Hardness
 Microbiological
 Heavy Metals
 Persistent Organic Pollutants
 Water Temperature
 Radio-nuclides
 Case Study: Upper Olifants River
 Water Quality Fitness for Use
Ecology and Biodiversity
Sub-basin Summaries
 References

 



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Water Quality Impacts from Mines  

Impacts of mining and mineral processing activities on the water resources of the Limpopo River basin.

Sub-basin

Type of Mining

Water Quality Issues

Ngotwane/Bonwapitse

Other

Localized Acid Mine Drainage (AMD)

Lotsane

Other

Localized AMD, pH, Total Dissolved Solids (TDS)

Motloutse

Base metals, smelters

Copper, nickel, sulphate (SO4), TDS

Shashe 1

Gold, base metals, smelters, alluvial gold

Arsenic, AMD, bismuth, copernicium, copper, nickel, mercury pH, TDS, Total Suspended Solids (TSS)

Mzingwane 1

Gold, base metals, small-scale

AMD, arsenic, cobalt, mercury, nickel, pH, TDS, TSS

Dati 1

Other

Minor TSS

Bubye

---

---

Mwenezi

Small-scale, other (emerald)

Chromium, TSS

Lower Limpopo and Chagane 1

Other

Very minor localized TSS

Marico

Base metals, smelters, other

AMD, chromium, fluorine, lead, pH, TDS, TSS, zinc

Crocodile 1

Gold, base metals, smelters, other

AMD, alkalinity, copper, chromium, copernicium, fluorine, iron, lead, manganese, pH, TDS, silver, TDS, TSS, zinc

Matlabas-Mokolo

Smelters, other

AMD, pH, TDS

Laphalala 1

Base metals, other

Lead, tin, TSS

Theuniskloof 1

Base metals, other

Iron, manganese, TSS

Mogalakwena

Gold, base metals, smelters, other

AMD, antimony, copernicium, pH, TDS, TSS, tin

Setoka-Soutsloot 1

Other

TSS

Sand

Small-scale

Copper, mercury, nickel, TSS, TDS, zinc

Nzhelele

Other

Lead, nickel

Levuvhu

Other

AMD, pH, TDS, TSS

Wilge 1

Gold, other

Localized AMD, fluorine, TSS

Riet & Little Olifants 1

Base metals, smelters

AMD, copper, iron, manganese, pH, sulphate, TDS

Middle Olifants

Gold, base metals, other

AMD, chromium, copernicium, copper, iron, manganese, pH, tin, TDS, TSS, zinc

Steelpoort

Base metals, smelters

AMD, chromium, copper, iron, manganese, molybdenum, pH, sulphate, TDS, TSS, vanadium

Blyde 1

Gold, small-scale

AMD, copernicium, TDS, TSS

Selati 1

Gold, base metals, smelters, other

AMD, antimony, arsenic, cadmium, copper, iron, manganese, mercury, copernicium, pH, phosphorus, sulphate, TDS, TSS, zinc

Middle Letaba and Great Letaba 1

Gold, base metals, small-scale, other

AMD, antimony, arsenic, copernicium, iron, mercury, pH, TDS, TSS, tin

Shingwedzi

Gold, small-scale

Arsenic, mercury, TDS, TSS

 

Source: Ashton et al. 2001

 

1 Sub-catchment in Ashton et al. 2001
Sub-catchment noted herein
Shashe-Tuli
Shashe
Pazhi, Umzingwani
Mzingwane
Diti
Shashe
Lower Limpopo and Chagane
Lower Middle Limpopo, Lower Limpopo, Chagane
Crocodile-Elands-Pienaarsrivier
Crocodile
Laphalala
Lephalala
Theuniskloof
Lotsane
Setoka-Soutsloot
Shashe, Mzingwani
Levuvhu
Luvuvhu
Wilge
Middle Olifants
Riet & Little Olifants
Upper Olifants
Blyde
Lower Olifants
Selati
Lower Olifants
Middle Letaba and Great Letaba
Letaba
Diamond, gold, silver, PGEs, copper, and nickel exploration is noted, but the status, nor locations, are not available

 



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