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Home The River Basin People and the River Governance Resource Management
The Limpopo River Basin
 Introduction
Geography
Climate and Weather
Hydrology
Water Quality
Ecology and Biodiversity
 Ecology
 Aquatic Ecology
 Building Blocks
 Aquatic Habitats
 Life in Aquatic Ecosystems
 Food Chains and Webs
 Biomass and Production
 Classification of Organisms
 Micro-organisms
 Plants
 Invertebrates
 Vertebrates
Fish Species of the Limpopo
 Factors Affecting Ecosystems
 Wetlands
 Biodiversity
 Millennium Ecosystem Assessment
Sub-basin Summaries
 References

 



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Fish Species of the Limpopo  

The following table is a summary of the common species of fish found in the Limpopo River basin.

Common Name Species Present in
main stem Limpopo
Introduced Species
Loach Catfishes (Family Amphiliidae)
Stargazer mountain catfish Amphilius uranoscopus    
Natal mountain catfish A. natalensis    
Freshwater Eels (Family Anguillidae)
Longfin eel Anguilla mossambica
 
Shortfin eel A. bicolor bicolor
 
Madagascar mottled eel A. marmorata
 
Africa mottled eel A. bengalensis labiata
 
Egg-laying Toothcarps (Family Aplocheilidae)
Turquoise killifish Nothobranchius furzeri    
Spotted killifish N. orthonotus    
Rainbow killifish N. rachovii    
Catfish (Family Austroglanididae)
Rock catfish Austroglanis sclateri  
Sunfishes (Family Centrarchidae)
Bluegill sunfish Lepomis macrochirus  
Largemouth bass Micropterus salmoides  
Smallmouth bass M. dolomieu  
Characins (Family Characidae)
Imberi Brycinus imberi
 
Silver robber Micralestes acutidens
 
Tigerfish Hydrocynus vittatus
 
Cichlids (Family Cichlidae)
Southern mouthbrooder Pseudocrenilabrus philander
 
Canary kurper Chetia flaviventris    
Orange-fringed largemouth C. brevis    
Lowveld largemouth Serranochromis meridianus    
Nemwe S. robustus jallae
Brownspot largemouth S. thumbergi  
Banded tilapia Tilapia sparrmanii
 
Redbreast tilapia T. rendalli
 
Mozambique tilapia Oreochromis mossambicus
 
Greenhead tilapia O. macrochir
Nile tilapia O. niloticus
Zambezi happy Pharyngochromis acuticeps
Labyrinth Catfishes (Family Clariidae)
Sharptooth catfish Clarias gariepinus
 
Blunttooth catfish C. ngamensis
 
Snake catfish C. theodorae    
Carps and Minnows (Family Cyprinidae)
Hamilton's barb Barbus afronamiltoni
 
Smallmouth yellowfish Barbus aeneus  
Broadstriped barb B. annectens
 
Chubbyhead barb B. anoplus
 
Hyphen barb B. bifrenatus    
Shortfin barb B. brevipinnis    
Orangefin barb B. euteania    
Line-spotted barb B. lineomaculatus
 
Largescale yellowfish B. marequensis
 
Papermouth B. mattozi
 
Marico barb B. motebensis    
Sidespot barb B. neefi    
Goldie barb B. pallidus    
Straightfin barb B. paludinosus    
Smallscale yellowfish B. polylepis    
Beira barb B. radiatus
 
East coast barb B. toppini
 
Treur River barb B. treurensis    
Threespot barb B. trimaculatus
 
Longbeard barb B. unitaeniatus
 
Bowstripe barb B. viviparus
 
Common carp Cyprinus carpio
Silver carp Hypophthalmichthys molitrix
Purple labeo Labeo congoro
 
Redeye labeo L. cylindricus
 
Leaden labeo L. molybdinus
 
Rednose labeo L. rosae    
Silver labeo L. ruddi
 
Moggel Labeo umbratus  
River sardine Mesobola brevianalis
 
Barred minnow Opsaridium peringueyi
 
Shortsnout chiselmouth Varicorhinus nasutus    
Killifishes (Family Cyprinodontidae)
Johnston's topminnow Aplocheilichthys johnstoni    
Striped topminnow A. katangae    
Gobies (Family Gobiidae)
Freshwater goby Awaous aeneofuscus
 
River goby Glossogobius callidus
 
Tank goby G. giuris
 
Checked goby Redigobius dewaali
 
Tarpon (Family Megalopodidae)
Oxeye tarpon Megalops cyprinoides
 
Upside-down Catfishes (Family Mochokidae)
Sawfin suckermouth Chiloglanis paratus
 
Shortspine suckermouth C. pretoriae    
Lowveld suckermouth C. swierstrae
 
Brown squeaker Synodontis zambesensis
 
Elephant Fishes (Family Mormyridae)
Bulldog Marcusenius macrolepidotus
 
Churchill Petrocephalus catostoma
 
Eurasian Perch (Family Perchidae)
Perch Perca fluviatilis  
Livebearing Toothcarps (Family Poeciliidae)
Mosquitofish Gambusia affinis  
Swordtail Xiphophorus helleri  
African Lungfishes (Family Protopteridae)
Lungfish Protopterus annectens brieni
 
Salmonids (Family Salmonidae)
Brown trout Salmo trutta  
Rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss  
Glass Catfishes (Family Schilbeidae)
Silver catfish Schilbe intermedius
 

Source: Mheen 1997

 



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