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Water Infrastructure: Irrigation

In 1997, the Food and Agriculture organisation of the United Nations estimated the irrigation potential of the Limpopo basin at 295 400 ha based on land and water resources and appropriate cropping patterns (FAO 1997).

Irrigation Potential of the Limpopo basin.

Country

Irrigation Potential (ha)

Irrigation water requirements (Mm3/year)

Irrigated Area (ha)

Botswana1

5 000

53

1 381

Mozambique

148 000

1 702

40 000

South Africa

131 500

1 578

198 000

Zimbabwe1

10 900

120

4 000

TOTAL

295 400

3 453

243 381

1Other literature has given Botswana and Zimbabwe higher irrigation water requirements thereby reducing the irrigation potential estimates herein.
Source: FAO 1997
An example of pivot irrigation near Alldays, South Africa.
Source: Hatfield 2010
( click to enlarge )