VAT (Value Added Tax)Tax on the estimated market value added to a product or material at each stage of its manufacture or distribution, ultimately passed on to the consumer.
Vector-borne diseasesWhen a pathogenic microorganism is transmitted from an infected individual to another individual through an 'agent' (ie. mosquito).
VertebrateAnimal that does have a backbone. Also see invertebrate.
Virtual waterThe amount of water embodied in the goods a country imports and exports.
VulnerabilityVulnerability is a state in which an individual or community’s proximity to hazards, health issue and/or food insecurity threatens their existence or ability to function.
Vulnerability contextIs a defined vulnerability scenario. They can be classified as shocks, trends and seasonal.
Vulnerability indicatorsIndicators used to assess vulnerability.
VulnerableFacing a high risk of extinction in the wild.